عندك مشكلة..تفضل مع دكتوره دبدوبــ،،ــهـ (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 153 - عددالزوار : 31591 )           »          [ رَسَائِل ..إلَى مَا لانِهَايَة..] ! (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 681 - عددالزوار : 52169 )           »          سجل دخولك وخروجك بالاستغفار (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 46 - عددالزوار : 7985 )           »          ســجـل حـضــورك بالصـلاة علـى النبي (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 35 - عددالزوار : 3294 )           »          دعونا نـ ـلون جدراننـ ـا بضجيج أقـ ـلامنــا (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 2056 - عددالزوار : 106294 )           »          سجل دخولك للقسم العام بـحـكـمـتـك لهذا اليوم (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 589 - عددالزوار : 55353 )           »          همسات قبل حلول شهر رمضآن المبارك .. (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 7 - عددالزوار : 5812 )           »          ويش رأيك بالعضو اللي فوووووق؟؟؟؟(بصراحة) (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 9049 - عددالزوار : 304456 )           »          " الــــــــــراجي " لا تفسر كلماتي فهي مجرد حروف مركبه فقط *_ * (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 821 - عددالزوار : 110771 )           »          [ إلــى ريــف عينيه ] (اخر مشاركة : البريء - عددالردود : 108 - عددالزوار : 7779 )           »         
 

طلب الاخت(كحل العين)

 
قديم 06-12-2008   #1
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي طلب الاخت(كحل العين)

 

صباح الورد..
طلب الاخت (كحل العين)
موضوع عن ابن خلدون
هذا طلبج أختي...



**


INTRODUCTION:

Ibn Khaldun is the most important figure in the field of History and Sociology in Muslim History. He is one of those shining stars that contributed so richly to the understanding of Civilization. In order for one to understand and appreciate his work, one must understand his life. He lived a life in search of stability and influence. He came from a family of scholars and politicians and he intended to live up to both expectations. He would succeed in the field of Scholarship much more so than in any other field.
:.

CHILDHOOD AND EARLY YEARS:

He is Abdurahman bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Jabir bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abdurahman bin Ibn Khaldun. His ancestry according to him originated from Hadramut, Yemen. He also traced his ancestry through another genealogy as supplied by Ibn Hazem using his grandfather who was the first to enter Andalusia back to Wail ibn Hajar one of the oldest Yemenite tribe. In either case, the genealogy points to his Arab origin although scholars do question the authenticity of both reports due to the political climate at the time of these reports.[1]

Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis on Ramadan 1, 732 (May 27, 1332)[2]. He received a traditional education that was typical of his family’s rank and status. He learned first at the hands of his father who was a scholarly person who was not involved in politics like his ancestors. He memorized the Qur’an by heart, learned grammar, Jurisprudence, Hadith, rhetoric, philology, and poetry. He had reached certain proficiency in these subjects and received certification in them. In his autobiography, he does mention the names these scholars.[3]

He continued studies until the age of 19 when the great plague would sweep over the lands from Samarkand to Mauritania. It was after this plague that Ibn Khaldun would receive his first public assignment.[4] This would start his political career that would forever change his life.



IN TUNISIA AND MOROCCO

Ibn Tafrakin, the ruler of Tunis, called Ibn Khaldun to be the seal bearer of his captive Sultan Abu lshaq. It is here that Ibn Khaldun would get first hand look at the inner workings of court politics and the weakness of the government. It would not be long before he would get an opportunity to leave Tunis.[5]

In 1352 (713 A. H.) Abu Ziad, the Emir of Constantine, marched his forces on Tunis. Ibn Khaldun accompanied Ibn Tafrakin with the forces that would ward off Abu Ziad’s attacks. Tunis was defeated and Ibn Khaldun escaped to Aba, where he lived with al-Mowahideen. He would move back and forth through Algeria and settled in Biskra.[6]

At that same time in Morocco Sultan Abu Enan, who had recently settled on the throne of his father, was on his way to conquer Algeria. Ibn Khaldun would travel to Tlemcen to meet the Sultan. Ibn Khaldun mentions that the Sultan honored him and sent him with his chamberlain Ibn Abi Amr to Bougie to witness its submission to Sultan Abu Enan.[7]

Ibn Khaldun would stay in the company of the Chamberlain while the Sultan moved back to the capital, Fez. In 1354 (755 A.H.) Ibn Khaldun would accept the invitation to join the council of Ulama and would move to Fez. He would eventually be promoted to the post of the seal bearer and would accept it reluctantly, because it was inferior to the posts once occupied by his ancestors.[8]

Ibn Khaldun would use his stay in Fez to further his studies. Fez at this time was a capital of Morocco and enjoyed the company of many scholars from all over North Africa and Andalusia. He was also being promoted from one position to another.[9]

Ibn Khaldun was an ambitious young man and at this point of his life, he would begin to engage in court politics. Ibn Khaldun would conspire with Abu Abdullah Muhammad, the dethroned ruler of Bougie who was captive in Fez at that time. Abu Abdullah is from the Banu Hafs which were patrons of Ibn Khaldun’s Family.[10]

Sultan Abu Enan would find out about the conspiracy and would imprison Ibn Khaldun. Abu Abdullah would be released from prison and Ibn Khaldun would linger on for two years. Sultan Abu Enan would fall ill and die before fulfilling his promise to release Ibn Khaldun. The Wazir Al-Hassan ibn Omar ordered the release of Ibn Khaldun who was restored to his former position.[11]

ESCAPE FROM MOROCCO TO SPAIN

The political climate was tense and Ibn Khaldun would again test his fate and conspire against the Wazir with al-Mansur.[12] This loyalty would be short lived too. He would conspire with Sultan Abu Salem who would overthrow Al-Mansur. Ibn Khaldun would get the position of Secretary and the repository of his confidence (Amin as-Sir).[13]

Here Ibn Khaldun would excel in his position and would compose many poems. He would occupy this position for two more years and would then be appointed as the Chief Justice. He would show a great ability in this position. However due to constant rivalry between him and high officials he would lose favor with the Sultan.[14]

However this would not matter because a revolt would take place and Sultan Abu Salem would be overthrown by Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would side with the victorious and would get his post with higher pay. Ibn Khaldun was ambitious as ever and wanted a higher position, namely that of the Chamberlain. For reasons unknown, perhaps he was not trusted, he was refused. This upset him enough to resign his position. This in turn upset the Wazir. Ibn Khaldun would ask to leave Fez and go back to Tunisia and this request would be refused. It was then that he would ask the Wazir’s son-in-law to intercede on his behalf to be allowed to go to Andalusia.[15]



FROM SPAIN TO TUNISIA

Sultan Muahmmad al-Ahmar, the king of Granada, was deposed by his brother Ismail who was supported by his brother-in-law. Sultan Muhammad was a friend of Sultan Abu Salem who helped him when he was deported to Andalusia by Sultan Abu Enan. When Sultan Abu Enan died and Sultan Abu Salem became the ruler that friendship was rekindled. Further when Ismail al-Ahmar was declared king of Granada in a place revolt, Sultan Muhammad took refuge in Morocco with Sultan Abu Salem. They were welcomed with great fanfare, Ibn Khaldun was present at the festivities. Among Sultan Muhammad’s party was his wise Wazir Ibn al-Khatib who developed a close friendship with Ibn Khaldun.[16]

Sultan Muhammad would attempt to restore his throne in Granada through an agreement with Pedro the cruel, the King of Castile. Pedro would delay the execution of the agreement upon hearing of Sultan Abu Salem death. Sultan Muhammad would appeal to Ibn Khaldun to get the assistance from Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would use his influence to help him. Further Ibn Khaldun was entrusted to care for Sultan Muhammad’s family in Fez. The Wazir would grant Sultan Muhammad Ronda and the surrounding country. Sultan Muhammad would continue his efforts and recapture his throne in 1361 (763 A. H.). He would recall his Wazir Ibn al-Khatib.[17]

When the relationship between Ibn Khaldun would turn sour and uncertain he would turn towards Andalusia. He would be welcomed and honored well by Sultan Muhammad who admitted him to his private council. In the following year Sultan Muhammad would send Ibn Khaldun on an Ambassadorial mission to Pedro, the King of Castile. Ibn Khaldun would conclude and peaceful terms between them. Pedro would offer Ibn Khaldun a position in his service and to return to him his family’s former estate at Castile. Ibn Khaldun would decline the offer.[18]

Upon his return from Castile, Ibn Khaldun would offer Pedro’s gift to him to the Sultan and in return, the Sultan would give him the Village of Elvira. Soon Ibn Khaldun would be restless once more and in the following year, he would receive an invitation from his friend Abu Abdullah, who had recaptured his throne at Bougie. Ibn Khaldun left Granada in 1364 (766 A.H.) for Bougie after asking permission to leave from Sultan Muhammad.[19]



ADVENTURES IN NORTH AFRICA

Ibn Khaldun would arrive in Bougie at the Age of 32 years. His plans have finally been realized. The period of imprisonment in Fez did not go to waste. He would enter the city as favorite guest. He would accept the position of Hajib for Emir Muhammad. This life of power would not last long as in the following year Abul Abbas would kill the Emir Muhammad, his cousin. Ibn Khaldun handed the city to him and retired to the city of Biskra. He would continue his political work in relaying the tribes to the service of this Emir or that Sultan. He would continue his practice of shifting loyalties as the times and opportunities afforded him. He would finally retire to a far outpost south of Constantine, fort Salama.[20]

In Fort Salama he would enjoy this peaceful existence and would begin to write down his famous Muqqddimah and first version of his universal history at the age of forty-five years.[21]

He would dedicate his work to the current Emir of Constantine, Sultan Abul Abbas. Tranquility did not last long with Ibn Khaldun, as he needed more reference works which were not available at this far outpost. He used the occasion of the Abul Abbas’s conquest of Tunisia to go to Tunis. This would be the first time he would return to the town of his birth since leaving it over 27 years ago.[22]

There would be political forces at work against him once more and this time before he would fall out of favor he would use a convenient occasion 1382 to leave North Africa behind never to return.[23]

TO EGYPT

Ibn Khaldun was granted permission from Sultan Abul Abbas to go to Hajj. He arrived in Alexandria in October 1382 ( 15th Shabaan 784 A. H.) at the ripe age of 50. He spent a month preparing to leave for Hajj but was unable to join the Caravan bound for the Holy Lands. He turned towards Cairo instead. Here he wold live his final days. He was warmly welcomed by scholars and students. His fame for his writings had already preceded him. He lectured at Al-Azhar and other fine schools. He would get the chance to meet with Sultan az-Zahir Barquq who would appoint him to teach at the Kamhiah school.[24]

He would enjoy the favors of the Sultan. He would be appointed as a Maliki Judge on the Sultans whim and anger. He would fare well and tried to fight corruption and favoritism. Again conspiracies against him would work its way and he would be relieved of this duty. His relief of duty would coincide with his family’s disaster. The ship carrying his family and belongings would sink in a storm.[25]

It was then that he would take permission to go to the Pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. He would return and be well received and appointed to a teaching position in the newly built school (Bein al-Qasrein) He would lecture in Hadith, particularly Imam Malik’s Muwatta. He would then be appointed to Beibers Sufi institute with a generous salary. The state of affairs of Egypt would be disturbed as a rival of Sultan Barquq, Yulbugha would organize a successful revolt. Sultan Barquq would stage another revolt and would be restored to his former throne. Ibn Khaldun during this period would suffer and would have his position restored to him with the return of the victorious Sultan Barquq to Power.[26]

Ibn Khaldun during this period would devote his time to lecturing and study as wellas to completing his Universal History. After Yulbugha’s revolt, he would write about Asabiyah and its role in the rise and fall of states. He would apply his theory to the Egyptian theater since the time of Salah ad-Din.[27]

After fourteen years since leaving the position of the Chief Maliki judge Ibn Khaldun would reassigned to the post upon the death of the presiding Judge. The state would again fall into disarray upon the death of Sultan Barquq’s and his son’s ascension. Ibn Khaldun would not be a party to these revolts and would ask permission to visit Jerusalem. He would join the Sultan Faraj’s caravan on its way back from Damascus. Again due to political intrigue he would be relived of his duties as judge for the second time. This would not matter because he would be called to accompany the Sultan on perilous Journey with fate to Damascus.[28]



MEETING TAMERLANE

During Ibn Khaldun’s stay in Egypt he would be asked by Sultan Faraj of Egypt to accompany him on his expedition to Damascus. News reports have confirmed the movement of Tamerlane’s war party towards Damascus. Sultan Faraj with his army were on their way to Damascus. It seems that Ibn Khaldun was asked firmly to accompany the Sultan to Damascus.[29]

The Sultan would only stay for two weeks in Damascus, as he had to leave due to rumors that a revolt back in Cairo was in the works. Ibn Khaldun and some notables were left behind in Damascus. It was now up to the leaders of Damascus to deal with Tamerlane. Ibn Khaldun had suggested to them to consider the terms of Tamerlane. It was the task of another Qadi, Ibn Muflih, to discuss the terms with Tamerlane. When Ibn Muflih returned from Tamerlane’s camp, the terms were not agreeable to the residents of Damascus.[30]

Since it was the suggestion of Ibn Khaldun to come to terms with Tamerlane, Ibn Khaldun felt obliged to meet with Tamerlane personally. Ibn Khaldun would leave Damascus and go to the camp of Tamerlane. It is questionable whether he went on his own or in an official capacity. Ibn Khaldun took some gifts with him for Tamerlane and they were well received. Ibn Khaldun would stay in Tamerlane’s camp for thirty-five days.[31]

Over this period, Ibn Khaldun would have many meetings with Tamerlane and they would converse through an interpreter, Abd al-Jabbar al-Khwarizmi (d. 1403). Ibn Khaldun’s account is the only detailed account available. The subjects that they would discuss were varied and some were unrecorded. W. Fischel lists 6 specific topics which they talked about:

On Maghrib and Ibn Khaldun’s Land of origin.

On heroes in History.

On predictions of things to come.

On the Abbsid Caliphate

On amnesty and security "For Ibn Khaldun and his Companion."

On Ibn Khaldun’s intention to stay with Tamerlane.[32]

Ibn Khaldun impressed the conqueror enough to ask him to join his court. Some biographers have suggested that he did and written down his eloquent appeal to return to Egypt to settle his affairs, get his books and family and join Tamerlane. It however is more likely that Ibn Khaldun left on good terms with Tamerlane and have accomplished his mission of extracting favorable terms for the people of Damascus.[33]

Ibn Khaldun’s departing words lend credence to the fact that he would not be returning to his service:

"Is there any generosity left beyond that which you have already shown me? You have heaped favors upon me, accorded me a place in your council among your intimate followers, and shown me kindness and generosity- which I hope Allah will repay to you in like measures."[34]

FINAL DAYS IN EGYPT :

Upon Ibn Khaldun’s return to Egypt, he was restored as the Malikite Qadi. Due to the political situation within the community of Malikite Qadis Ibn Khaldun would be dismissed and reinstated three times during the five-year period. Finally, he died while he was in office on Wednesday March 17th 1406 (25th of Ramadan 808). He was buried in the Sufi Cemetery outside Bab an-Nasr, Cairo at the age of seventy-four years.[35]



THE MAGNUM OPUS "AL-MUQADDIMAH"

He would his write his Introduction to his book of universal history in a span of five months.[36] This impressive ******** is a gist of his wisdom and hard earned experience. He would use his political and first had knowledge of the people of Maghrib to formulate many of his ideas. This ******** would summarize Ibn Khaldun’s ideas about every field of knowledge during his day. He would discuss a variety of topics. He would discuss History and Historiography. He would rebuke some of the historical claims with a calculated logic. He would discuss the current sciences of his days. He would talk about astronomy, astrology, and numerology. He would discuss Chemistry, alchemy and Magic in a scientific way. He would freely offer his opinions and ******** well the "facts" of the other point of view. His discussion of Tribal societies and social forces would be the most interesting part of his thesis. He would illuminate the world with deep insight into the workings and makings of kingdoms and civilizations. His thesis that the conquered race will always emulate the conqueror in every way.[37] His theory about Asbyiah (group feeling) and the role that it plays in Bedouin societies is insightful. His theories of the science of Umran (sociology) are all pearls of wisdom. His Introduction is his greatest legacy that he left for all of humanity and the generations to come.



CHILDHOOD AND EARLY YEARS:

He is Abdurahman bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Jabir bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abdurahman bin Ibn Khaldun. His ancestry according to him originated from Hadramut, Yemen. He also traced his ancestry through another genealogy as supplied by Ibn Hazem using his grandfather who was the first to enter Andalusia back to Wail ibn Hajar one of the oldest Yemenite tribe. In either case, the genealogy points to his Arab origin although scholars do question the authenticity of both reports due to the political climate at the time of these reports.[1]

Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis on Ramadan 1, 732 (May 27, 1332)[2]. He received a traditional education that was typical of his family’s rank and status. He learned first at the hands of his father who was a scholarly person who was not involved in politics like his ancestors. He memorized the Qur’an by heart, learned grammar, Jurisprudence, Hadith, rhetoric, philology, and poetry. He had reached certain proficiency in these subjects and received certification in them. In his autobiography, he does mention the names these scholars.[3]

He continued studies until the age of 19 when the great plague would sweep over the lands from Samarkand to Mauritania. It was after this plague that Ibn Khaldun would receive his first public assignment.[4] This would start his political career that would forever change his life.



IN TUNISIA AND MOROCCO

Ibn Tafrakin, the ruler of Tunis, called Ibn Khaldun to be the seal bearer of his captive Sultan Abu lshaq. It is here that Ibn Khaldun would get first hand look at the inner workings of court politics and the weakness of the government. It would not be long before he would get an opportunity to leave Tunis.[5]

In 1352 (713 A. H.) Abu Ziad, the Emir of Constantine, marched his forces on Tunis. Ibn Khaldun accompanied Ibn Tafrakin with the forces that would ward off Abu Ziad’s attacks. Tunis was defeated and Ibn Khaldun escaped to Aba, where he lived with al-Mowahideen. He would move back and forth through Algeria and settled in Biskra.[6]

At that same time in Morocco Sultan Abu Enan, who had recently settled on the throne of his father, was on his way to conquer Algeria. Ibn Khaldun would travel to Tlemcen to meet the Sultan. Ibn Khaldun mentions that the Sultan honored him and sent him with his chamberlain Ibn Abi Amr to Bougie to witness its submission to Sultan Abu Enan.[7]

Ibn Khaldun would stay in the company of the Chamberlain while the Sultan moved back to the capital, Fez. In 1354 (755 A.H.) Ibn Khaldun would accept the invitation to join the council of Ulama and would move to Fez. He would eventually be promoted to the post of the seal bearer and would accept it reluctantly, because it was inferior to the posts once occupied by his ancestors.[8]

Ibn Khaldun would use his stay in Fez to further his studies. Fez at this time was a capital of Morocco and enjoyed the company of many scholars from all over North Africa and Andalusia. He was also being promoted from one position to another.[9]

Ibn Khaldun was an ambitious young man and at this point of his life, he would begin to engage in court politics. Ibn Khaldun would conspire with Abu Abdullah Muhammad, the dethroned ruler of Bougie who was captive in Fez at that time. Abu Abdullah is from the Banu Hafs which were patrons of Ibn Khaldun’s Family.[10]

Sultan Abu Enan would find out about the conspiracy and would imprison Ibn Khaldun. Abu Abdullah would be released from prison and Ibn Khaldun would linger on for two years. Sultan Abu Enan would fall ill and die before fulfilling his promise to release Ibn Khaldun. The Wazir Al-Hassan ibn Omar ordered the release of Ibn Khaldun who was restored to his former position.[11]

ESCAPE FROM MOROCCO TO SPAIN

The political climate was tense and Ibn Khaldun would again test his fate and conspire against the Wazir with al-Mansur.[12] This loyalty would be short lived too. He would conspire with Sultan Abu Salem who would overthrow Al-Mansur. Ibn Khaldun would get the position of Secretary and the repository of his confidence (Amin as-Sir).[13]

Here Ibn Khaldun would excel in his position and would compose many poems. He would occupy this position for two more years and would then be appointed as the Chief Justice. He would show a great ability in this position. However due to constant rivalry between him and high officials he would lose favor with the Sultan.[14]

However this would not matter because a revolt would take place and Sultan Abu Salem would be overthrown by Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would side with the victorious and would get his post with higher pay. Ibn Khaldun was ambitious as ever and wanted a higher position, namely that of the Chamberlain. For reasons unknown, perhaps he was not trusted, he was refused. This upset him enough to resign his position. This in turn upset the Wazir. Ibn Khaldun would ask to leave Fez and go back to Tunisia and this request would be refused. It was then that he would ask the Wazir’s son-in-law to intercede on his behalf to be allowed to go to Andalusia.[15]



FROM SPAIN TO TUNISIA

Sultan Muahmmad al-Ahmar, the king of Granada, was deposed by his brother Ismail who was supported by his brother-in-law. Sultan Muhammad was a friend of Sultan Abu Salem who helped him when he was deported to Andalusia by Sultan Abu Enan. When Sultan Abu Enan died and Sultan Abu Salem became the ruler that friendship was rekindled. Further when Ismail al-Ahmar was declared king of Granada in a place revolt, Sultan Muhammad took refuge in Morocco with Sultan Abu Salem. They were welcomed with great fanfare, Ibn Khaldun was present at the festivities. Among Sultan Muhammad’s party was his wise Wazir Ibn al-Khatib who developed a close friendship with Ibn Khaldun.[16]

Sultan Muhammad would attempt to restore his throne in Granada through an agreement with Pedro the cruel, the King of Castile. Pedro would delay the execution of the agreement upon hearing of Sultan Abu Salem death. Sultan Muhammad would appeal to Ibn Khaldun to get the assistance from Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would use his influence to help him. Further Ibn Khaldun was entrusted to care for Sultan Muhammad’s family in Fez. The Wazir would grant Sultan Muhammad Ronda and the surrounding country. Sultan Muhammad would continue his efforts and recapture his throne in 1361 (763 A. H.). He would recall his Wazir Ibn al-Khatib.[17]

When the relationship between Ibn Khaldun would turn sour and uncertain he would turn towards Andalusia. He would be welcomed and honored well by Sultan Muhammad who admitted him to his private council. In the following year Sultan Muhammad would send Ibn Khaldun on an Ambassadorial mission to Pedro, the King of Castile. Ibn Khaldun would conclude and peaceful terms between them. Pedro would offer Ibn Khaldun a position in his service and to return to him his family’s former estate at Castile. Ibn Khaldun would decline the offer.[18]

Upon his return from Castile, Ibn Khaldun would offer Pedro’s gift to him to the Sultan and in return, the Sultan would give him the Village of Elvira. Soon Ibn Khaldun would be restless once more and in the following year, he would receive an invitation from his friend Abu Abdullah, who had recaptured his throne at Bougie. Ibn Khaldun left Granada in 1364 (766 A.H.) for Bougie after asking permission to leave from Sultan Muhammad.[19]



ADVENTURES IN NORTH AFRICA

Ibn Khaldun would arrive in Bougie at the Age of 32 years. His plans have finally been realized. The period of imprisonment in Fez did not go to waste. He would enter the city as favorite guest. He would accept the position of Hajib for Emir Muhammad. This life of power would not last long as in the following year Abul Abbas would kill the Emir Muhammad, his cousin. Ibn Khaldun handed the city to him and retired to the city of Biskra. He would continue his political work in relaying the tribes to the service of this Emir or that Sultan. He would continue his practice of shifting loyalties as the times and opportunities afforded him. He would finally retire to a far outpost south of Constantine, fort Salama.[20]

In Fort Salama he would enjoy this peaceful existence and would begin to write down his famous Muqqddimah and first version of his universal history at the age of forty-five years.[21]

He would dedicate his work to the current Emir of Constantine, Sultan Abul Abbas. Tranquility did not last long with Ibn Khaldun, as he needed more reference works which were not available at this far outpost. He used the occasion of the Abul Abbas’s conquest of Tunisia to go to Tunis. This would be the first time he would return to the town of his birth since leaving it over 27 years ago.[22]

There would be political forces at work against him once more and this time before he would fall out of favor he would use a convenient occasion 1382 to leave North Africa behind never to return.[23]

TO EGYPT

Ibn Khaldun was granted permission from Sultan Abul Abbas to go to Hajj. He arrived in Alexandria in October 1382 ( 15th Shabaan 784 A. H.) at the ripe age of 50. He spent a month preparing to leave for Hajj but was unable to join the Caravan bound for the Holy Lands. He turned towards Cairo instead. Here he wold live his final days. He was warmly welcomed by scholars and students. His fame for his writings had already preceded him. He lectured at Al-Azhar and other fine schools. He would get the chance to meet with Sultan az-Zahir Barquq who would appoint him to teach at the Kamhiah school.[24]

He would enjoy the favors of the Sultan. He would be appointed as a Maliki Judge on the Sultans whim and anger. He would fare well and tried to fight corruption and favoritism. Again conspiracies against him would work its way and he would be relieved of this duty. His relief of duty would coincide with his family’s disaster. The ship carrying his family and belongings would sink in a storm.[25]

It was then that he would take permission to go to the Pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. He would return and be well received and appointed to a teaching position in the newly built school (Bein al-Qasrein) He would lecture in Hadith, particularly Imam Malik’s Muwatta. He would then be appointed to Beibers Sufi institute with a generous salary. The state of affairs of Egypt would be disturbed as a rival of Sultan Barquq, Yulbugha would organize a successful revolt. Sultan Barquq would stage another revolt and would be restored to his former throne. Ibn Khaldun during this period would suffer and would have his position restored to him with the return of the victorious Sultan Barquq to Power.[26]

Ibn Khaldun during this period would devote his time to lecturing and study as wellas to completing his Universal History. After Yulbugha’s revolt, he would write about Asabiyah and its role in the rise and fall of states. He would apply his theory to the Egyptian theater since the time of Salah ad-Din.[27]

After fourteen years since leaving the position of the Chief Maliki judge Ibn Khaldun would reassigned to the post upon the death of the presiding Judge. The state would again fall into disarray upon the death of Sultan Barquq’s and his son’s ascension. Ibn Khaldun would not be a party to these revolts and would ask permission to visit Jerusalem. He would join the Sultan Faraj’s caravan on its way back from Damascus. Again due to political intrigue he would be relived of his duties as judge for the second time. This would not matter because he would be called to accompany the Sultan on perilous Journey with fate to Damascus.[28]



MEETING TAMERLANE

During Ibn Khaldun’s stay in Egypt he would be asked by Sultan Faraj of Egypt to accompany him on his expedition to Damascus. News reports have confirmed the movement of Tamerlane’s war party towards Damascus. Sultan Faraj with his army were on their way to Damascus. It seems that Ibn Khaldun was asked firmly to accompany the Sultan to Damascus.[29]

The Sultan would only stay for two weeks in Damascus, as he had to leave due to rumors that a revolt back in Cairo was in the works. Ibn Khaldun and some notables were left behind in Damascus. It was now up to the leaders of Damascus to deal with Tamerlane. Ibn Khaldun had suggested to them to consider the terms of Tamerlane. It was the task of another Qadi, Ibn Muflih, to discuss the terms with Tamerlane. When Ibn Muflih returned from Tamerlane’s camp, the terms were not agreeable to the residents of Damascus.[30]

Since it was the suggestion of Ibn Khaldun to come to terms with Tamerlane, Ibn Khaldun felt obliged to meet with Tamerlane personally. Ibn Khaldun would leave Damascus and go to the camp of Tamerlane. It is questionable whether he went on his own or in an official capacity. Ibn Khaldun took some gifts with him for Tamerlane and they were well received. Ibn Khaldun would stay in Tamerlane’s camp for thirty-five days.[31]

Over this period, Ibn Khaldun would have many meetings with Tamerlane and they would converse through an interpreter, Abd al-Jabbar al-Khwarizmi (d. 1403). Ibn Khaldun’s account is the only detailed account available. The subjects that they would discuss were varied and some were unrecorded. W. Fischel lists 6 specific topics which they talked about:

On Maghrib and Ibn Khaldun’s Land of origin.

On heroes in History.

On predictions of things to come.

On the Abbsid Caliphate

On amnesty and security "For Ibn Khaldun and his Companion."

On Ibn Khaldun’s intention to stay with Tamerlane.[32]

Ibn Khaldun impressed the conqueror enough to ask him to join his court. Some biographers have suggested that he did and written down his eloquent appeal to return to Egypt to settle his affairs, get his books and family and join Tamerlane. It however is more likely that Ibn Khaldun left on good terms with Tamerlane and have accomplished his mission of extracting favorable terms for the people of Damascus.[33]

Ibn Khaldun’s departing words lend credence to the fact that he would not be returning to his service:

"Is there any generosity left beyond that which you have already shown me? You have heaped favors upon me, accorded me a place in your council among your intimate followers, and shown me kindness and generosity- which I hope Allah will repay to you in like measures."[34]

FINAL DAYS IN EGYPT :

Upon Ibn Khaldun’s return to Egypt, he was restored as the Malikite Qadi. Due to the political situation within the community of Malikite Qadis Ibn Khaldun would be dismissed and reinstated three times during the five-year period. Finally, he died while he was in office on Wednesday March 17th 1406 (25th of Ramadan 808). He was buried in the Sufi Cemetery outside Bab an-Nasr, Cairo at the age of seventy-four years.[35]



THE MAGNUM OPUS "AL-MUQADDIMAH"

He would his write his Introduction to his book of universal history in a span of five months.[36] This impressive ******** is a gist of his wisdom and hard earned experience. He would use his political and first had knowledge of the people of Maghrib to formulate many of his ideas. This ******** would summarize Ibn Khaldun’s ideas about every field of knowledge during his day. He would discuss a variety of topics. He would discuss History and Historiography. He would rebuke some of the historical claims with a calculated logic. He would discuss the current sciences of his days. He would talk about astronomy, astrology, and numerology. He would discuss Chemistry, alchemy and Magic in a scientific way. He would freely offer his opinions and ******** well the "facts" of the other point of view. His discussion of Tribal societies and social forces would be the most interesting part of his thesis. He would illuminate the world with deep insight into the workings and makings of kingdoms and civilizations. His thesis that the conquered race will always emulate the conqueror in every way.[37] His theory about Asbyiah (group feeling) and the role that it plays in Bedouin societies is insightful. His theories of the science of Umran (sociology) are all pearls of wisdom. His Introduction is his greatest legacy that he left for all of humanity and the generations to come.


CHILDHOOD AND EARLY YEARS:

He is Abdurahman bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Jabir bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abdurahman bin Ibn Khaldun. His ancestry according to him originated from Hadramut, Yemen. He also traced his ancestry through another genealogy as supplied by Ibn Hazem using his grandfather who was the first to enter Andalusia back to Wail ibn Hajar one of the oldest Yemenite tribe. In either case, the genealogy points to his Arab origin although scholars do question the authenticity of both reports due to the political climate at the time of these reports.[1]

Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis on Ramadan 1, 732 (May 27, 1332)[2]. He received a traditional education that was typical of his family’s rank and status. He learned first at the hands of his father who was a scholarly person who was not involved in politics like his ancestors. He memorized the Qur’an by heart, learned grammar, Jurisprudence, Hadith, rhetoric, philology, and poetry. He had reached certain proficiency in these subjects and received certification in them. In his autobiography, he does mention the names these scholars.[3]

He continued studies until the age of 19 when the great plague would sweep over the lands from Samarkand to Mauritania. It was after this plague that Ibn Khaldun would receive his first public assignment.[4] This would start his political career that would forever change his life.



IN TUNISIA AND MOROCCO

Ibn Tafrakin, the ruler of Tunis, called Ibn Khaldun to be the seal bearer of his captive Sultan Abu lshaq. It is here that Ibn Khaldun would get first hand look at the inner workings of court politics and the weakness of the government. It would not be long before he would get an opportunity to leave Tunis.[5]

In 1352 (713 A. H.) Abu Ziad, the Emir of Constantine, marched his forces on Tunis. Ibn Khaldun accompanied Ibn Tafrakin with the forces that would ward off Abu Ziad’s attacks. Tunis was defeated and Ibn Khaldun escaped to Aba, where he lived with al-Mowahideen. He would move back and forth through Algeria and settled in Biskra.[6]

At that same time in Morocco Sultan Abu Enan, who had recently settled on the throne of his father, was on his way to conquer Algeria. Ibn Khaldun would travel to Tlemcen to meet the Sultan. Ibn Khaldun mentions that the Sultan honored him and sent him with his chamberlain Ibn Abi Amr to Bougie to witness its submission to Sultan Abu Enan.[7]

Ibn Khaldun would stay in the company of the Chamberlain while the Sultan moved back to the capital, Fez. In 1354 (755 A.H.) Ibn Khaldun would accept the invitation to join the council of Ulama and would move to Fez. He would eventually be promoted to the post of the seal bearer and would accept it reluctantly, because it was inferior to the posts once occupied by his ancestors.[8]

Ibn Khaldun would use his stay in Fez to further his studies. Fez at this time was a capital of Morocco and enjoyed the company of many scholars from all over North Africa and Andalusia. He was also being promoted from one position to another.[9]

Ibn Khaldun was an ambitious young man and at this point of his life, he would begin to engage in court politics. Ibn Khaldun would conspire with Abu Abdullah Muhammad, the dethroned ruler of Bougie who was captive in Fez at that time. Abu Abdullah is from the Banu Hafs which were patrons of Ibn Khaldun’s Family.[10]

Sultan Abu Enan would find out about the conspiracy and would imprison Ibn Khaldun. Abu Abdullah would be released from prison and Ibn Khaldun would linger on for two years. Sultan Abu Enan would fall ill and die before fulfilling his promise to release Ibn Khaldun. The Wazir Al-Hassan ibn Omar ordered the release of Ibn Khaldun who was restored to his former position.[11]

ESCAPE FROM MOROCCO TO SPAIN

The political climate was tense and Ibn Khaldun would again test his fate and conspire against the Wazir with al-Mansur.[12] This loyalty would be short lived too. He would conspire with Sultan Abu Salem who would overthrow Al-Mansur. Ibn Khaldun would get the position of Secretary and the repository of his confidence (Amin as-Sir).[13]

Here Ibn Khaldun would excel in his position and would compose many poems. He would occupy this position for two more years and would then be appointed as the Chief Justice. He would show a great ability in this position. However due to constant rivalry between him and high officials he would lose favor with the Sultan.[14]

However this would not matter because a revolt would take place and Sultan Abu Salem would be overthrown by Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would side with the victorious and would get his post with higher pay. Ibn Khaldun was ambitious as ever and wanted a higher position, namely that of the Chamberlain. For reasons unknown, perhaps he was not trusted, he was refused. This upset him enough to resign his position. This in turn upset the Wazir. Ibn Khaldun would ask to leave Fez and go back to Tunisia and this request would be refused. It was then that he would ask the Wazir’s son-in-law to intercede on his behalf to be allowed to go to Andalusia.[15]



FROM SPAIN TO TUNISIA

Sultan Muahmmad al-Ahmar, the king of Granada, was deposed by his brother Ismail who was supported by his brother-in-law. Sultan Muhammad was a friend of Sultan Abu Salem who helped him when he was deported to Andalusia by Sultan Abu Enan. When Sultan Abu Enan died and Sultan Abu Salem became the ruler that friendship was rekindled. Further when Ismail al-Ahmar was declared king of Granada in a place revolt, Sultan Muhammad took refuge in Morocco with Sultan Abu Salem. They were welcomed with great fanfare, Ibn Khaldun was present at the festivities. Among Sultan Muhammad’s party was his wise Wazir Ibn al-Khatib who developed a close friendship with Ibn Khaldun.[16]

Sultan Muhammad would attempt to restore his throne in Granada through an agreement with Pedro the cruel, the King of Castile. Pedro would delay the execution of the agreement upon hearing of Sultan Abu Salem death. Sultan Muhammad would appeal to Ibn Khaldun to get the assistance from Wazir Omar. Ibn Khaldun would use his influence to help him. Further Ibn Khaldun was entrusted to care for Sultan Muhammad’s family in Fez. The Wazir would grant Sultan Muhammad Ronda and the surrounding country. Sultan Muhammad would continue his efforts and recapture his throne in 1361 (763 A. H.). He would recall his Wazir Ibn al-Khatib.[17]

When the relationship between Ibn Khaldun would turn sour and uncertain he would turn towards Andalusia. He would be welcomed and honored well by Sultan Muhammad who admitted him to his private council. In the following year Sultan Muhammad would send Ibn Khaldun on an Ambassadorial mission to Pedro, the King of Castile. Ibn Khaldun would conclude and peaceful terms between them. Pedro would offer Ibn Khaldun a position in his service and to return to him his family’s former estate at Castile. Ibn Khaldun would decline the offer.[18]

Upon his return from Castile, Ibn Khaldun would offer Pedro’s gift to him to the Sultan and in return, the Sultan would give him the Village of Elvira. Soon Ibn Khaldun would be restless once more and in the following year, he would receive an invitation from his friend Abu Abdullah, who had recaptured his throne at Bougie. Ibn Khaldun left Granada in 1364 (766 A.H.) for Bougie after asking permission to leave from Sultan Muhammad.[19]



ADVENTURES IN NORTH AFRICA

Ibn Khaldun would arrive in Bougie at the Age of 32 years. His plans have finally been realized. The period of imprisonment in Fez did not go to waste. He would enter the city as favorite guest. He would accept the position of Hajib for Emir Muhammad. This life of power would not last long as in the following year Abul Abbas would kill the Emir Muhammad, his cousin. Ibn Khaldun handed the city to him and retired to the city of Biskra. He would continue his political work in relaying the tribes to the service of this Emir or that Sultan. He would continue his practice of shifting loyalties as the times and opportunities afforded him. He would finally retire to a far outpost south of Constantine, fort Salama.[20]

In Fort Salama he would enjoy this peaceful existence and would begin to write down his famous Muqqddimah and first version of his universal history at the age of forty-five years.[21]

He would dedicate his work to the current Emir of Constantine, Sultan Abul Abbas. Tranquility did not last long with Ibn Khaldun, as he needed more reference works which were not available at this far outpost. He used the occasion of the Abul Abbas’s conquest of Tunisia to go to Tunis. This would be the first time he would return to the town of his birth since leaving it over 27 years ago.[22]

There would be political forces at work against him once more and this time before he would fall out of favor he would use a convenient occasion 1382 to leave North Africa behind never to return.[23]

TO EGYPT

Ibn Khaldun was granted permission from Sultan Abul Abbas to go to Hajj. He arrived in Alexandria in October 1382 ( 15th Shabaan 784 A. H.) at the ripe age of 50. He spent a month preparing to leave for Hajj but was unable to join the Caravan bound for the Holy Lands. He turned towards Cairo instead. Here he wold live his final days. He was warmly welcomed by scholars and students. His fame for his writings had already preceded him. He lectured at Al-Azhar and other fine schools. He would get the chance to meet with Sultan az-Zahir Barquq who would appoint him to teach at the Kamhiah school.[24]

He would enjoy the favors of the Sultan. He would be appointed as a Maliki Judge on the Sultans whim and anger. He would fare well and tried to fight corruption and favoritism. Again conspiracies against him would work its way and he would be relieved of this duty. His relief of duty would coincide with his family’s disaster. The ship carrying his family and belongings would sink in a storm.[25]

It was then that he would take permission to go to the Pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. He would return and be well received and appointed to a teaching position in the newly built school (Bein al-Qasrein) He would lecture in Hadith, particularly Imam Malik’s Muwatta. He would then be appointed to Beibers Sufi institute with a generous salary. The state of affairs of Egypt would be disturbed as a rival of Sultan Barquq, Yulbugha would organize a successful revolt. Sultan Barquq would stage another revolt and would be restored to his former throne. Ibn Khaldun during this period would suffer and would have his position restored to him with the return of the victorious Sultan Barquq to Power.[26]

Ibn Khaldun during this period would devote his time to lecturing and study as wellas to completing his Universal History. After Yulbugha’s revolt, he would write about Asabiyah and its role in the rise and fall of states. He would apply his theory to the Egyptian theater since the time of Salah ad-Din.[27]

After fourteen years since leaving the position of the Chief Maliki judge Ibn Khaldun would reassigned to the post upon the death of the presiding Judge. The state would again fall into disarray upon the death of Sultan Barquq’s and his son’s ascension. Ibn Khaldun would not be a party to these revolts and would ask permission to visit Jerusalem. He would join the Sultan Faraj’s caravan on its way back from Damascus. Again due to political intrigue he would be relived of his duties as judge for the second time. This would not matter because he would be called to accompany the Sultan on perilous Journey with fate to Damascus.[28]



MEETING TAMERLANE

During Ibn Khaldun’s stay in Egypt he would be asked by Sultan Faraj of Egypt to accompany him on his expedition to Damascus. News reports have confirmed the movement of Tamerlane’s war party towards Damascus. Sultan Faraj with his army were on their way to Damascus. It seems that Ibn Khaldun was asked firmly to accompany the Sultan to Damascus.[29]

The Sultan would only stay for two weeks in Damascus, as he had to leave due to rumors that a revolt back in Cairo was in the works. Ibn Khaldun and some notables were left behind in Damascus. It was now up to the leaders of Damascus to deal with Tamerlane. Ibn Khaldun had suggested to them to consider the terms of Tamerlane. It was the task of another Qadi, Ibn Muflih, to discuss the terms with Tamerlane. When Ibn Muflih returned from Tamerlane’s camp, the terms were not agreeable to the residents of Damascus.[30]

Since it was the suggestion of Ibn Khaldun to come to terms with Tamerlane, Ibn Khaldun felt obliged to meet with Tamerlane personally. Ibn Khaldun would leave Damascus and go to the camp of Tamerlane. It is questionable whether he went on his own or in an official capacity. Ibn Khaldun took some gifts with him for Tamerlane and they were well received. Ibn Khaldun would stay in Tamerlane’s camp for thirty-five days.[31]

Over this period, Ibn Khaldun would have many meetings with Tamerlane and they would converse through an interpreter, Abd al-Jabbar al-Khwarizmi (d. 1403). Ibn Khaldun’s account is the only detailed account available. The subjects that they would discuss were varied and some were unrecorded. W. Fischel lists 6 specific topics which they talked about:

On Maghrib and Ibn Khaldun’s Land of origin.

On heroes in History.

On predictions of things to come.

On the Abbsid Caliphate

On amnesty and security "For Ibn Khaldun and his Companion."

On Ibn Khaldun’s intention to stay with Tamerlane.[32]

Ibn Khaldun impressed the conqueror enough to ask him to join his court. Some biographers have suggested that he did and written down his eloquent appeal to return to Egypt to settle his affairs, get his books and family and join Tamerlane. It however is more likely that Ibn Khaldun left on good terms with Tamerlane and have accomplished his mission of extracting favorable terms for the people of Damascus.[33]

Ibn Khaldun’s departing words lend credence to the fact that he would not be returning to his service:

"Is there any generosity left beyond that which you have already shown me? You have heaped favors upon me, accorded me a place in your council among your intimate followers, and shown me kindness and generosity- which I hope Allah will repay to you in like measures."[34]

FINAL DAYS IN EGYPT :

Upon Ibn Khaldun’s return to Egypt, he was restored as the Malikite Qadi. Due to the political situation within the community of Malikite Qadis Ibn Khaldun would be dismissed and reinstated three times during the five-year period. Finally, he died while he was in office on Wednesday March 17th 1406 (25th of Ramadan 808). He was buried in the Sufi Cemetery outside Bab an-Nasr, Cairo at the age of seventy-four years.[35]



THE MAGNUM OPUS "AL-MUQADDIMAH"

He would his write his Introduction to his book of universal history in a span of five months.[36] This impressive ******** is a gist of his wisdom and hard earned experience. He would use his political and first had knowledge of the people of Maghrib to formulate many of his ideas. This ******** would summarize Ibn Khaldun’s ideas about every field of knowledge during his day. He would discuss a variety of topics. He would discuss History and Historiography. He would rebuke some of the historical claims with a calculated logic. He would discuss the current sciences of his days. He would talk about astronomy, astrology, and numerology. He would discuss Chemistry, alchemy and Magic in a scientific way. He would freely offer his opinions and ******** well the "facts" of the other point of view. His discussion of Tribal societies and social forces would be the most interesting part of his thesis. He would illuminate the world with deep insight into the workings and makings of kingdoms and civilizations. His thesis that the conquered race will always emulate the conqueror in every way.[37] His theory about Asbyiah (group feeling) and the role that it plays in Bedouin societies is insightful. His theories of the science of Umran (sociology) are all pearls of wisdom. His Introduction is his greatest legacy that he left for all of humanity and the generations to come.

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 06-12-2008   #2
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

انتظري الموضوع الثاني وبقية الصور

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 06-12-2008   #3
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

تسلمي أختي حوراء ماعرف كيف أشكرش عموما مشكورة وتسلمي

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 06-12-2008   #4
 
الصورة الرمزية orient

فـــريق شـــSho0oــــو








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 54458
  المستوى : orient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
orient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصفorient عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :orient غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

What do you do when the only person who can make you stop crying is the person who made you cry


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
شهادة تقدير الماسي تميز وإبداع في الإدارة والإشراف للفعاليات مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب شهادة تقدير مسابقة أجمل صورة وسام صيد الأعضاء الذهبي العضو المتميز وسام العطاء وسام عمان عبر التاريخ 
مجموع الاوسمة: 18

افتراضي

 


ما قصرتي اختي حوراء ..

 

يَقُول حكِيم يُونَانيّ:

كُنتُ أبكِي لأنّني أمشِي بِدون حِذاء
ولكِنّنِي تَوقّفت عَن البُكَاء!
عِندَمَا رأيتُ رَجُلاً بِلا قدَمين
/
[الرياح لا تحرك الجبال ولكنها تلعب بالرمال وتشكلها كما تشاء ]


orient غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 07-12-2008   #5
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

مرحبا عزيزتي كحل..
إن شاء الله بنزلج الموضوع الثاني بكرا ..أو اليوم..تمام..

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 08-12-2008   #6
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

طلبج الثاني عزيزتي كحل:


Each year in Ontario, over 10,000 workers under the age of 25 file a claim with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) because they've been injured on the job to the extent that they cannot return to work the day after the injury. Those injuries are called "Lost Time Injuries" by the WSIB. Almost as many young workers file claims because they've suffered an injury that allowed them to keep working, but required first aid treatment.

Are there some injuries you don't know about?

Many young workers who get injured don't end up in these statistics either because they don't want to tell their employer that they've been injured or their employer doesn't file a claim with the WSIB on their behalf.

Can anything be done?

Far too many young workers are needlessly injured. Injuries and illnesses are preventable.

Workplaces that take their health and safety duties seriously will want to identify situations that can result in injuries or illness and eliminate them immediately so that no one else is hurt. This is why ensuring your supervisor or employer knows you've been injured is important. What they know about, they can fix. A scrape caused by a malfunctioning machine today may result in a far more serious injury to someone else tomorrow if adjustments to correct the problem aren't made immediately.

Why don't some workers report injuries?

Your employer may be a family member or friend and you're afraid they might be upset if you report an injury.
You might be afraid the boss will think you can't do your job properly if you report the injury.
You might think that the injury is not very serious.
You might be afraid your co-workers will think less of you.
Why should I report an injury or illness suffered at work?

To make sure you get the correct medical treatment right away.
To make sure you receive the appropriate monetary compensation from the WSIB for your injury or illness without delay.
So the cause of the injury can be investigated and corrected to prevent the same thing from happening to someone else.
Because one of your duties under the Occupational Health and Safety Act is to report any hazard of which you're aware to your supervisor or employer.
Can I be compensated with money?

The Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997 is another Ontario law which was created to help promote safe and healthy workplaces, to help workers who are injured or ill at work return to work quickly and safely and to provide compensation benefits (money to replace lost wages) while they are off work.

Is it like insurance?

Under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997, the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) provides insurance in case of injuries. With some exceptions, it makes all employers who operate in Ontario pay for this insurance. If their workers get injured, the workers will receive income to replace lost earnings while they are off work. Workers who receive compensation benefits cannot sue their employer for losses related to the accident

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 10-12-2008   #7
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

تسلمي اختي حوررررررررررررررررراء واذا حصلتي صور فانا بانتظارش وارجوووووووووو من الجميع بعد يدورولي


واختي حوررررراء مشكوررررررة الله يخليكي بس الموظوع الثاني لوحصلتي معلومات زيادة نزلية لي وبكون شاكرة لكي

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 13-12-2008   #8
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

ان شاء الله عزيزتي ..
آسفة ع التاخير صارت معي ظروف

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 13-12-2008   #9
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

سلامات اختي حورااااء ماتشوفي شر

وتراة حتى انا مبتلشة بالزكام والحمى والبلاعيم

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 13-12-2008   #10
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

سلامتج غاليتي..
ساعود لتلبية طلبج

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 14-12-2008   #11
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

تكملة الموضوع الثاني عزيزتي..

Whether your desktop, or you lead truck or working in a factory, the government requires employers to provide you with a safe working environment.

Wherever your business, promise yourself to the safety regulations established employer and follow the standards set by the Occupational Health and Safety Act. We have put those standards to protect workers from illness or injury due to exposure to chemicals, dust and physical hazards, such as electricity.

In some cases, requiring a respirator masks or tools to protect the eye or ear. There is a wide range of preventive tools, but you have to always worn the right way so that benefit them.

If you work on your Computers (computer), you can prevent recurrence of infection muscle tension by having a rest from time to time. That your office has to be a high Saeidik allow the use of the keyboard with satisfaction the angle between 70 and 90 degrees . It should also be on the computer screen after arm and at least one of your body.

Fear of evil neck and back tension (Cramp) to sit on the seat rest the bottom of your back and allow that Tstriha Menbsttin feet above the ground. Blocks of a strained eye Rahat Tremc access to the eye, and the consideration to a remote location on the screen and close your eyes completely.

If you are using the telephone (telephone) a lot, consider wearing headphones to avoid fatigue and muscle your neck O result of the receiver embrace them.

والصور

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 14-12-2008   #12
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

مشكورررررررة على المساعدة ماقصرتي

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 14-12-2008   #13
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

العفو غاليتي..

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 18-12-2008   #14
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

السلام عليكم اختي حوررراء ثقلت عليش كثير بس اريد منش ضروري فهاليومين تنزليلي عن الحوادث بشكل عام بالمنزل والعمل والشارع مع صور واسفة ارجوش بس هذا مشروعي اريد اخلصة وارتاح وسمحيلي مرة

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 18-12-2008   #15
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

ان شاء الله عزيزتي..

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 18-12-2008   #16
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

تسلمي اختي حوراء على المساعدة وان شاء الله اجدر أرجعها لكي هالمساعدة

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 18-12-2008   #17
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

افا عليج عزيزتي..
نحن ف الخدمة..

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 22-12-2008   #18
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

تكملة طلبج عزيزتي ..
السموحة ع التأخير بسبب بطئ النت..




Many are children and adults for many accidents in the home, whether caused by negligence or the misuse of these risks and gas and electricity, medicine and machinery acute or drowning or lock the doors and burning and poisoning and slipping.

There are many and many of these threats be discussed with the suggestion of some precautions to avoid such incidents as running first aid for them


First: drug poisoning



Are often the scene of hospital emergency rooms poisoning medicine for children in the early stages of age between the first and fourth year, due to lack of adequate home care or eating medicines have serious side effects on the child or expired.

To prevent such risks should be done the following:

1. To put all the drugs in the house, he could be difficult to access for children.

2. Not be likened to pharmaceutical sweets to children did not believe that drugs treatment Helou addressing bait allowed at any time.

3. Destroyed pharmaceutical expired and are no longer needed.


Second: incidents of sharp tools





In the kitchen, too, sharp and dangerous tools that could lead to serious injuries due to poor handling or use of children by ignorance.

To prevent incidents sharp tools to you the following points:

1. Get as far away as possible when using such tools and sharp Games.

2. Not to leave children playing with sharp kitchen tools and away from the reach of their hands.

3. Not to give young children to eat at any fork or knife with their way of eating sound blunt instruments.

4. Prevent children from chase each other between pieces of furniture in the rooms and corridors.

5. Not to allow children to take up Oklhm and drink and utensils in Kasat to break Kzjaj example.

6. Tools to maintain the school (such as engineering tools (inside the bags and places for the recall.

7. Keep coins and money from the reach of children.


Third: accidents closed doors





1. Back doors automatically or due to strong winds caused by the collision of people or children Znq fingers between the door and throat.

2. Helicopter collision caused the doors to another person behind an invisible door.

3. The doors with sharp edges cause injuries or fractures of the hands or fingers.


Necessary attention to the risks of doors and take the necessary preventive measures such as:

1. Made good use even close to cause the lock doors.

2. Not to leave keys to the doors and keep them in place clear and known.

3. At the detention of children in one room houses or toilets should calm the child first and immediate access to civil defense in difficult act and not waste time.

4. Not to break the door so as not to cause child abuse.


Fourth: pesticide poisoning incidents, detergents




There are also poisoning incidents distressing material pesticides and cleaning materials that could occur through:

1. Eat or drink contaminated nets or cleaner.

2. Stockpiling food or drink near the pesticides and detergents.

3. Eat or drink or record kept in the empty pesticide containers.

4. Traded hands and eating contaminated.


The main measures for preventing such incidents in the following:

1. Keeping pesticides and cleaning materials in solid, well-ventilated places, and far from sources of heat and humidity, direct flame, and far from the reach of children.

2. To avoid development of these materials in use in eating and drinking utensils.

3. Not direct exposure to various detergents and pesticides and to refrain from eating and drinking during use.

4. Not to enter areas spray insecticides only after the necessary safety.

5. Alsabonih caustic detergents and solvents, refrigeration of the patches used Kmtehrat must be used properly taking into account the lack of access, eye, nose and mouth.

6. Not to mix these materials even to each other and cause Ataatvaal explosion.

Fifth: gas incidents



Negligence or tampering with gas canisters result in a lot of risks that could claim the lives of family members and neighbors with God forbid.

To prevent gas accidents advise you to follow the following:

1. The selection of appropriate and safe location of the drum, preferably away from *****ng sites and good ventilation.

2. Extensions and ensure their safety and not to be subjected to temperature and weather conditions which cause damage and replacement of damaged immediately.

3. Stoves and furnaces check and make sure cleanliness and Blocked gas.

4. When you run the stove or oven light a match stick first and then opening burner.

5. Safer for the installation of a gas leak detector.

6. Closed switches gas stoves, as well as the source of gas at sleep and when to leave the place, and this latter point is necessary and very important.

7. Ijaddalatefal had the opportunity in the kitchen to fix the gas stove and keys or playing Boawad match.

For the prevention of accidents in this con****, we recommend the following:

1. Lock gas tube after each use so that there is no leakage.

2. Safe use of lighters firing furnaces even Ataatah opportunity for children to tamper with it.

3. In the case of non-smoking should be careful not to abstain to keep the cigarette lighter or a pack of matches out of reach of children.

4. Disposal of used furniture in excess of need rather than stockpiling in the balconies of buildings.

Sixth: incidents of falling from high or at the same level




The sign of things to consider for the fall of domestic incidents of children climbing trees, gardens, elevators and windows, balconies and walls

And the use of games and Caldrajat Alorjohat as well as incidents of slipping.

To prevent the fall of children advise the following:

1. Not to leave the tables or seats near the windows and balconies.

2. Not to leave a viscous liquid materials on the floors of houses and bathrooms.

3. Educating young people ways to go up and down the sound and warn of the consequences of jumping.

4. Steeplechase barriers and appropriate windows and balconies and places where children become accustomed to considering them abroad.

5. Barriers to the places that they fear the rise of the child during the Alahbu.

6. The selection of high-quality ceramic tiles, which Tkhchinat by anti-slide, and remove the water and soap on the floors

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 22-12-2008   #19
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

jpg[/IMG]One of my aims in this blog is to open up discussions regarding a few issues of importance. One of these issues is ROAD SAFETY, or the "lack of". You may have guessed this from the links on my blog (please have a look at them).

It’s very sad that especially in Libya, so many people die, many of whom are young and many, many more are left seriously injured and incapacitated for life. Living abroad and going back home from time to time; the first thing a person is shocked by is the way people drive, starting from the airport! Many people don't have any sense of safety at all. This attitude and disregard for road safety seems to get worse every year, which tragically translates to loss of life and serious injury for many people. Looking across the Arab and developing world, the situation doesn't seem to be much more different, although statistics and studies seem to be lacking or difficult to access.
Arabic ***sites? I couldn't find any that are dedicated to road safety! Please tell me if there are any.
In Libya and most of the Arab countries, especially the more affluent ones, road deaths are one of the biggest causes (if not the biggest!) of death in the younger age groups.
The situation is getting worse and this is further compounded by the lack of regard from people and the "Kada wa Kader(fate)" attitude that people have. Drive at 200km/hr, kill a family, its "Kada wa kader", no its not, its manslaughter. Yes there is "kada wa kader", but also Allah asked us to be respectful of life and not to take risks that endanger anyone’s life.

All in all it’s a huge problem that needs to be tackled, but I firmly believe education and awareness is one of the most important ways of doing this. If there is away to we can contribute towards this, it will make an impact, and please don't underestimate any form of impact, if it saves one life, that will be enough. Many of our young people, whole families even, have perished on our roads. I hope people can start taking care and try to contribute to the safety of their roads thus the safety of their families.

Hopefully in the near future I can discuss ways of doing this and please if any one has any suggestion please feel free to contribute. The main emphasis here is not to complain, or to theorise about the issue, that won’t get us anywhere! The main goal is to find people who can contribute, i.e. setting up an Arabic *** site, that contributes to the matter, translates major studies and solutions, online safety posters that can be printed by people to distribute, I’m sure there are a lot of translators out there. I’m sure there are a lot of ways, there are a lot of talented people. I repeat, please no moaning about the problem is “that and that’s fault”, we need practical answers that people can contribute towards.

Positive practical contribution is the key, not negative criticism.

If you click on one of the links I have listed “Children’s Traffic Club” from the UK, it emphasizes the importance of teaching children early, guess what? No similar Arabic or Libyan ***sites, any one out there who can do the same? There are a lot of talented people out there in Libya and the Arab world who can contribute and build such ***sites. If you can, please help. This contribution will eventually have an impact.

A ***site may be a small step, but none-the-less it is a step. I am sure there are many other ideas that simple people like you and me can think of and more importantly apply to help make our roads safer. Although I am specifying Libya here, this does apply to the whole world, but unfortunately in our part of the world its a huge problem that people seem to disregard and be complacent about. This ignorance has lead to huge suffering. I hope to raise awareness of this with the help of others. Remember: ONE death, ONE injury is ONE too many! All of them are preventable
[//One of my aims in this blog is to open up discussions regarding a few issues of importance. One of these issues is ROAD SAFETY, or the "lack of". You may have guessed this from the links on my blog (please have a look at them).
It’s very sad that especially in Libya, so many people die, many of whom are young and many, many more are left seriously injured and incapacitated for life. Living abroad and going back home from time to time; the first thing a person is shocked by is the way people drive, starting from the airport! Many people don't have any sense of safety at all. This attitude and disregard for road safety seems to get worse every year, which tragically translates to loss of life and serious injury for many people. Looking across the Arab and developing world, the situation doesn't seem to be much more different, although statistics and studies seem to be lacking or difficult to access.
Arabic ***sites? I couldn't find any that are dedicated to road safety! Please tell me if there are any.
In Libya and most of the Arab countries, especially the more affluent ones, road deaths are one of the biggest causes (if not the biggest!) of death in the younger age groups.
The situation is getting worse and this is further compounded by the lack of regard from people and the "Kada wa Kader(fate)" attitude that people have. Drive at 200km/hr, kill a family, its "Kada wa kader", no its not, its manslaughter. Yes there is "kada wa kader", but also Allah asked us to be respectful of life and not to take risks that endanger anyone’s life.

All in all it’s a huge problem that needs to be tackled, but I firmly believe education and awareness is one of the most important ways of doing this. If there is away to we can contribute towards this, it will make an impact, and please don't underestimate any form of impact, if it saves one life, that will be enough. Many of our young people, whole families even, have perished on our roads. I hope people can start taking care and try to contribute to the safety of their roads thus the safety of their families.

Hopefully in the near future I can discuss ways of doing this and please if any one has any suggestion please feel free to contribute. The main emphasis here is not to complain, or to theorise about the issue, that won’t get us anywhere! The main goal is to find people who can contribute, i.e. setting up an Arabic *** site, that contributes to the matter, translates major studies and solutions, online safety posters that can be printed by people to distribute, I’m sure there are a lot of translators out there. I’m sure there are a lot of ways, there are a lot of talented people. I repeat, please no moaning about the problem is “that and that’s fault”, we need practical answers that people can contribute towards.

Positive practical contribution is the key, not negative criticism.

If you click on one of the links I have listed “Children’s Traffic Club” from the UK, it emphasizes the importance of teaching children early, guess what? No similar Arabic or Libyan ***sites, any one out there who can do the same? There are a lot of talented people out there in Libya and the Arab world who can contribute and build such ***sites. If you can, please help. This contribution will eventually have an impact.

A ***site may be a small step, but none-the-less it is a step. I am sure there are many other ideas that simple people like you and me can think of and more importantly apply to help make our roads safer. Although I am specifying Libya here, this does apply to the whole world, but unfortunately in our part of the world its a huge problem that people seem to disregard and be complacent about. This ignorance has lead to huge suffering. I hope to raise awareness of this with the help of others. Remember: ONE death, ONE injury is ONE too many! All them are preventable

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 22-12-2008   #20
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

مشكورة اختي حورررراء وجزاك الله الف خير وتسلمي

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 22-12-2008   #21
 
الصورة الرمزية كحل العين

شوفي شموخي








مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 82684
  المستوى : كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
كحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصفكحل العين عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :كحل العين غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 

إذا ركلك احدا من خلفك فإعلم أنك فالمقدمة


 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
الماسي وسام العطاء مسابقة أجمل صورة مسابقة أجمل فستان وسام أميرة الأناقة شهادة تقدير المعلم المبدع وسام المدونة هدهد سليمان الفتاة الجميلة الفضي 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

مشكورة اختي حورررراء وجزاك الله الف خير وتسلمي

 


صِحيَحٍ آني گثييِر ( آيأسَ )
ولَگن دآخِليٌ طفِلهَـ / تقٍوٍل بـصَمت : يآربيٌ ،
[ دخٍيلگ لآ تخلينيٌ ] .!
كحل العين غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 

 
قديم 22-12-2008   #22
 
الصورة الرمزية حوراء الحصن

حـــــوراء.**.الحصــن







مؤهلاتك بالحصن
  عدد نقاط تميزك بالحصن : 109458
  المستوى : حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
حوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصفحوراء الحصن عبقريتك فاقت الوصف
  
عدد زياراتك للحصن:
عدد المرفقات :
  الحالة :حوراء الحصن غير متصل
 

 

!.. رسائلي ..!
 




 

من مواضيعي

الاوسمة
وسام العطاء شهادة تقدير الذهبي مشارك في مطبخ الحصن مشارك في الدورة المتقدمة للفوتوشوب أفضل تقرير سياحي - المركز الثاني شهادة تقدير العضو المتميز المشرف المتميز وسام أفضل تقرير باللغة الإنجليزية وسام العطاء 
مجموع الاوسمة: 11

افتراضي

 

العفـــــــــو غاليتـــــــي..

 

(الآن في البرج الإنجليزي )
*الدورة الشاملة لقواعد اللغة الإنجليزية*
تجدونها هنــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ ــــا*
حوراء الحصن غير متصل   رد مع اقتباس
 
 
إضافة رد

مواقع النشر (المفضلة)


الذين يشاهدون محتوى الموضوع الآن : 1 ( الأعضاء 0 والزوار 1)
 
أدوات الموضوع
انواع عرض الموضوع

تعليمات المشاركة
لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك

BB code is متاحة
كود [IMG] متاحة
كود HTML معطلة

الانتقال السريع

المواضيع المتشابهه
الموضوع كاتب الموضوع المنتدى مشاركات آخر مشاركة
وادي العين موقع سياحي متميز بين الداخلية والظاهرة البراء برج السياحة في عُمان 4 10-08-2008 03:52 PM
تعالوا نزور العين....................... كلي ذوووق برج الديكور والأثاث المنزلي 2 26-12-2007 05:56 AM
سحب منتجين لتنظيف عدسات العين ومنتجات لأدوات المائدة... الوفا طبعي برج السياسة والإقتصاد والأخبار 14 06-09-2007 10:26 AM
طب العيون بيسان أبحاث طبية 0 07-04-2007 08:13 PM
جفاف العين كاسر الأمواج البرج الطبي 4 18-03-2006 06:41 PM


الساعة الآن 03:26 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. , Designed & TranZ By Almuhajir
لا تتحمل منتديات حصن عمان ولا إدارتها أية مسؤولية عن أي موضوع يطرح فيها

a.d - i.s.s.w